KOI Identification Guide


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This is a three-colored fish.
Red, white and black, the
same three colors which are
characteristic of the
Taisho-sanke. But the
dominant color is black and
this variety is referred to as a
black fish with red and white
makings
Showa Sanshok
The Asagi are characterized
by scales, which have white
edges around each one of
them giving the fish a net-like
appearance. An intense red
covers the belly, the extended
pectoral fins and the sides of
the face (gill covers) and lips.
Asagi
The Kujaku is a metallic or
Ogon Koi with the
reticulated net-like pattern
of the Matsuba on it's back.
This is overlaid with either
a gold, yellow, orange or
red Kohaku-type pattern
creating a striking effect..
Doitsu Kujaku
This Koi is the Asagi crossed
with the Kohaku resulting in a
three colored or Sanke Koi .
Aigoromo
Like the Japanese flag this
fish has the red rising sun
against a white
background.  Any color
variety of Koi can have a
red Tancho mark on its
head. The more perfect the
circle, the more intense
the color and the more
contrasting with its
background, determines
the quality of the Tancho.
Tancho Kohaku
Taisho Sanshoku is Koi with
relatively spotted Sumi
(black) on Kohaku pattern.
Because the variety was
created in the era of Taisho in
Japan, it is called "Taisho
Sanshoku." In short, it is also
called "Taisho Sanke" or
"Sanke."
Taisho Sanshoku
White Kohaku are
described as a white
fish with red markings,
it is also the most
common color variety
found in Japan.
Kohaku
They have a distinct metallic
shine to their scales.  The
usual colors are platinum,
white or gold. . The Ogon are
a solid, single color.
Ogon
The variety name,
"Ochiba Shigure,"
literally means "fallen
leaves in autumn
shower" in Japanese.
"Gin Rin" refers to the
metallic, or "diamond",
scales. This is a very
beautiful fish..
Ochiba-Shigure
Kinginrin is the name given to
the metallic flake or “diamond
scale” effect where the
scales themselves reflect
light like tiny silver and gold
mirrors. Normally referred to
as simply Ginrin.
Ginrin Showa
The name "Goshiki"
translates as "five colors."  
Though sometimes difficult
to distinguish, this Koi's
pattern is composed of
black, white, red, blue, and
metallic gray. The
appearance is best
described as a red Kohaku
pattern with the reticulated
netting that appears on the
Asagi variety..
Goshiki
The name Kumonryu is
derived from a legend that
tells of a dragon (Ryu)
transforming into a cloud and
racing through the sky.  The
Kumonryu is said to have
been developed by breeding
a Shusui with a Matsukawa
Bakke.
Kumonryu
Created by crossing a
Doitsugoi with an Asagi, the
Shusui was one of the first
Doitsu varieties of
Nishikigoi. Shusui have a
bold line of navy scale on
the back with a bright
orange or red belly like the
Asagi. Shusui that have red
color up to the dorsal line
are called Hi Shusui.
Shusui
This type of Koi appears like
a mixture of Tanchoand
Bekko traits. It is named
Tancho for the red patchon its
head like that of a Japanese
crane; and sanke,
meaning three colors: white,
black and red. White remains
the dominant color.
Tancho Sanke
This is a two-colored fish,
the same as the Bekko, but
the amount of black is of
major importance.  
Generally speaking the
black is about 25% of the
body color.
Shiro Utsuri
Doitsu have either no scales
at all and referred to as
“leather carp”, or they have a
line of large scales along
their lateral and dorsal lines
and are referred to a “mirror
carp”. There is a Doitsu
version of almost every variety
Doitsu Sanke